Mayan-Aztec Calendar



The Mayan Calendar Layout in "The Madrid Codice"


Here is an actual drawing from an ancient Mayan book, the Madrid Codice.

"You wanna take it out for a spin?"
 

When I first examined this Madrid Codex puzzle, it reminded me of being a child playing a board game called Chutes and Ladders, where one moves the game pieces forward or backward by rolls-of-a-dice, sometimes unexpectedly upwards by ladders or downwards by chutes, all while racing to be first to the top.

Here are The Keys to the layout 
or
when to climb up and down a 13-level Maya temple stairways.

To begin, start at the blue circle and follow counter-clockwise.

Day #1 of the 260 is:  

1 imix  or  1 DRAGON

 

For the first 13-day Week-1 'movement' is from the blue circle at inner position Day #1, out to Day #13, so from the Inner world to the Outer world. Then the dots turn right and go-across the second 13-day Week-2 in the Outer World for 13 days. Then it turns left and inward, toward the Inner World for 13 days, and so-on.

The top horizontal 13-day row-of-dots that flows left across-the-top of the calendar is SEED k'an Week-12  and the candle flame in the top 'Heavens' inner drawing is pointing at Day #156, which is 8 Monkey chuwen and is called "Day Keepers Day."   Day-Keepers Day is an all day long ceremonial festival honoring the new spiritual initiates/apprentice Day-Keepers and their mentor spiritual elder Day-Keepers.

Breathing Living Light Waves Our Holy River flows. 

 

The calendar and map also outlines the Four-Season cycles the lower scene is time-of-access to the Underworld; the upper scene is time-of-access to the Heavens; and the right and left scenes both are time-of-access between both the Heavens and the Underworld.

For the Day # numbers for ceremonies at the top level of a Mayan temple:

1, 39, 40, 65, 66, 104, 105, 130, 131, 169, 170, 195, 196, 234, 235, 260
 

On the Mayan calendar a "zero point" may exists between days 13 and day 1 every 13 days. And that is why I reason THE MAYA ONLY USED THE DAY-SIGNS for THESE TWO DAYS every 13 days, so to identify when a  'ZERO POINT" DOORWAY OPENS.

When I first saw this Mayan calendar codex puzzle, it reminded me of being a child playing a board game called Chutes & Ladders, where one moves the game piece forward or backward by rolls of a dice, sometimes unexpectedly upwards by ladders or downwards by chutes, all while racing to be first to the top.

Note that the "fetus spirit" is shown entering the womb of a woman at around Day #90, which is signified in the right-side drawing. Before a cup can be filled, its' form must first be created.


MAYAN DAY-KEEPERS DAY = 8 MONKEY chewen - Day #151

The "candle flame" points to Mayan "Day-Keepers Day" on the top row of dots marking SEED Week-12.

Mayan Day-Keepers Day is celebrated in villages and towns with all-day festivals and ceremonies honoring newly initiated students who have learned to keep the correct 'count of days' of the Mayan Calendar.  As the name implies, "Day-Keepers" keep the count of the days. All night prayers of initiates and their Day-Keeper teachers proceed this special day.
 

* * * * *

"The Feathered Serpent" and "The Shadow Twin"

The Feathered Serpent - Venus as The Morning Star Returned on June 6, 2020


Venus was at its nearest point to Earth on June 3,2020.

Many cultures around the world notice and record the rising and setting patterns of the brightest light in the evening and early morning skies the planet named-in-English: "Venus." 

The Olmec and Maya cultures of Mexico and the Guatemala highlands in Central America may have been the first to create a 260-day Venus calendar, recognized today as the most accurate calendar in the world.

In Maya lore, Venus, the bright light traveling the sky, is recognised as the "Two Brothers": the "Feathered Serpent" and his "Shadow Twin" brother.

The planet Venus rises in the East, in the early pre-dawn sky as the Morning Star or Feathered Serpent and is the third brightest- light in the sky after our Sun and Moon.

Venus shines bright in the early morning dawn Eastern skies as the Morning Star Feathered Serpent for 236 days, or approximately 8 months.

The days "ruled" by the Morning Star Feathered Serpent are days of of: peace, agreements, rebuilding, re-birth, and common unity.

After 236 days the Feathered Serpent Morning Star disappears from the skies.

For 90 days Venus is hidden behind the Sun, moving slowly farther and farther away from Earth.

After 90 days behind the Sun, Venus is seen once again rising in the West evening sky after sunset as the Shadow Twin Evening Star.

There in the western evening skies after sunset Venus shines as the Shadow Twin Evening Star for 250 days.

The days "ruled" by the Shadow Twin Evening Star are days of: ceremonial challenges and ceremonial conflict; and if not handledwith high degrees of benign spiritual energy and integrity, real war, unexpected challenges and force create changes that break-up old patterns.

Venus as the Shadow Twin Evening Star becomes brighter and brighter as it moves towards Earth, closer and closer on its nearest approach to Earth, every 1.6 years.

Then, just as Venus is at its brightest right after sunset, it disappears for 8 days. In Maya lore, the Shadow Twin has died.

For 8 days Venus moves across in front of the Sun, hidden by the glare of the Sun, and directly between the Sun and the Earth. 

It’s at these moments, every ~19 months, when our nearest-neighbor planet Venus passes close-by to Earth.

This exact planetary alignment (or "inferior conjunction") of Earth-Venus-Sun next occurs on January 9, 2022.

After 8 days hidden Venus reappears, reborn at dawn at the side of the Sun, a moment before sunrise in the East dawn sky.

In its new phase as the Morning Star, in Mayan lore the the Feathered Serpent lord-king-ruler has been "resurrected" and is the brightest light before dawn for the next 236 days.

The days "ruled" by the Morning Star Feathered Serpent are days of of: peace, agreements, rebuilding, re-birth, and common unity.

When Venus is approaching Earth as the Evening Star: the combined magnetic & gravitational forces of the Earth and Venus, as they move closer together, increases pressure and stress

For example: when two bar magnets, with the same positive-sides or negative-sides facing each other, are forced together this creates a strong RESISTANCE & ENERGY re-balancing, which precipitates the stronger force-fields energy & stress the closer the magnets are.

When Venus rises as the Feathered Serpent Morning Star: the combined magnetic & gravitational forces of the Earth and Venus: decrease, subside, move apart, and reduces overall pressure and stress.

These rising and setting patterns of the planet Venus as the Feathered Serpent Morning Star are repeated on-average every 584.92 days, that's every ~19-months

The Venus 'close-by' Earth alignment patterns repeat exactly five (5) times every 8-years, during five different months of the year.

Let’s examine this 8 year pulse, this 8 year rhythm of Venus.

It is a VERY important rhythm.  Indeed, it is a hythm that connects to the musical scale, a truly sacred rhythm pattern that holds the key to understanding the mathematical, and even 'musical,' encoding of time in our solar system.

If we could super speed-up time and watch the orbits of our planet Earth and Venus around our Sun from high above our solar system, we would see that over every 8-year cycle of time Venus exactly aligns between the Sun and the Earth 5 times, creating a spiraling 5-pointed star pattern around the Sun.

A five-pointed star pattern is exactly the same kind of pattern design detected within the double-helix spiral blueprints of genetic DNA, in the cells of all living creatures on Earth. 

The organs of the body are spaced a certain distance from the brain, and in the same way the 'organs' of our solar system, the Planets, are spaced a certain distance from the Sun.
 

1922 began a 104-year Venus cycle of thirteen (13) 8-year cycles that completes in 2026.

In 1922 Venus rose on its first day as the "Morning Star" on Mayan calendar Day #20, the first appearance of the SUN ahau day sign on the 260-day calendar cycle. This only happens once every 104-years!

Have now included that in the YEARS 1901-2025 section, noted as: 1922 - V1... 1930 - V2... 1938 - V3... 1946 - V4... 1954 - V5... 1962 - V6... 1970 - V7... 1978 - V8... 1986 - V9... 1994 - V10... 2002 - V11... 2010 - V12... 2018 V13.


The current 8-year Venus cycle we are in, 2018-2026, has five (5) transit points.

Just like the Mayan calendar is sectioned into five (5) 52-day cycles, so too this Venus 8-year cycle has the same fractal nature.



 

Cycle 1 - Ego Challenges Emerge when Conditions allow
Cycle 2 - Moralize, Create Positive "Do Something About It" Actions and Services
Cycle 3 - Reasonable Planning, Try Unconditional Love and Acceptance, Transfiguration Begins
Cycle 4 - Effortless Intentions Realized without Force by Power
Cycle 5 - Complete Enlightened Conclusion draws any resisting Negative in preparation for Next Cycle
 

The beginning point was October 24, 2018, and the next point was June 3, 2020.

This beginning phase 2018-2020 was like wandering around in the Wilderness. We know we're going somewhere important but we're just going thru the wilderness trying to find our way out.

June 3, 2020, marked 'The End' of the 'Wilderness' phase in the 8-year Venus cycle and unexpected shifts of consciousness and world events begin to put everything into focus as to what needs to 'change' to keep our planet on the positive path to higher integrity it has been on since the HARMONIC CONVERGENCE world-wide 2-days of prayer in August 1987. Those 2-day worldwide days of prayers for peace celebrated and marked the end of nine 52-year "Hell Cycles" that began in 1519 with the arrival of Cortes into the "New World," along with the Spanish Inquisition.

Major social shifts arise that promote moralizing creates 'Do Something About It' actions and services, especially after the end of 'the Wilderness' 52-day cycle on Day #52 July 4, 2020

For finally we arrive at our 'destination,' the "Zero Point" time shift zone at the end of 2025 in Mayan year 13 that completes in January 2026 when a new 13-year cycle begins, and a new 260-day cycle begins on January 23, 2026.

Fear not. We are safe. Be patient.

 

The current Mayan 52-year cycle "round," 1987-2039, is composed of four (4) 13-year cycles.

The "time shift" into Bak'tun 14 (a 394-year cycle) began on December 21, 2012, and is slowly taking place over a 26-year period, 2013-2039, in two (2) 13-year phases.


The Mayan calendar needs to be adjusted every so often to keep it aligned with the risings and settings of the planet Venus.

Venus is seen as the "Evening Star" during its 263-day  journey thru the evening western skies, after which it disappears from view for 8 days.

The period-of-orbit of Venus around our Sun is 224.65 days and the period-of orbit of the Earth around the Sun is 365.25 days.

So the 260-day cycle is actually a tiny bit less-than a full 260-days...exactly 259.8-days, because of that "extra" 0.65 of a day each year. And the "extra" 0.256 of a day that Earth has creates the extra day over four years.

A combination of these factors is why the day Venus rises as the Morning Star every 8-years, on Mayan calendar day SUN ajaw needs to be adjusted BACKWARD a day earlier occasionally, and why the Mayan "New Year" arrives a day earlier every so often, from the adjustment made to the rising and setting of Venus, because of the periods of orbit of Venus and Earth around the Sun.

Ajaw or Ahau? Different spellings, same pronounciation.

The first sighting of Venus rising on the specific Mayan calendar day SUN ajaw every eight years determines the correct Maya calendar day of adjustment, if necessary, to keep the calendar accurate.

Like both the Gregorian and Julian calendars the Mayan calendar must also be adjusted, a day-backwards sometimes, one day must be subtracted, about every ten years or so, if necessary.

Because of the orbit length of the Venus year, 224.7-days, those "partially missing" days every year of 0.3-days begin to add up.

The Venus-Sun 'inferior conjunction' alignments occur 3-days earlier every 10-years. 

So even with the 2 extra leap year added in every 8-years an additional day must be subtracted to keep the Mayan calendar aligned to the rising of Venus on SUN ajaw days.

 

Year   Venus Days     

1          0.3

2           0.6

3           0.9

4           1.2 

5            1.5 

6            1.8 

7             2.1  

8              2.4 

9              2.7

10             3.0

This then raises challenging questions, such as: How can we subtract one extra day? Where does that Mayan day go?  And, WHEN does the adjustment take place, if needed?

We must realize that the 260-day calendar is really tracking an invisible subtle ‘energy-field’ that the planets are always moving thru. And since the planets do not have exact circular orbital patterns, the orbits are oval egg-shaped, their orbital revolutions we observe mathematically have variations that do not overtly appear at first as simple Earth-time calculation formulas and so we have to adjust our Sun-based calendars to compensate.

The total Mayan Calendar 'energy field' is actually slightly less-than 260-days in duration.  So little-by-little every day, every month and every year the Mayan calendar slowly slips backwards, so that, for example, the Mayan "New Year Day" happens now in mid-January.

Every 8 years, the day Venus "disappears" into the glare of the Sun is ALWAYS on Mayan day eb' or HUMAN, the 12th Mayan day-sign on the 20-day Mayan month.  For those 8 days Venus is then moving between the Sun and the Earth and can not be seen.

Then later, 8 days after disappearing, Venus reappears again in the dawn eastern sky just before sunrise as the super bright "Morning Star".  And this day every 8 years is ALWAYS Mayan day SUN ajaw, the 20th daysign on the 20-day Mayan Month.


 

These two daysigns, HUMAN eb' and SUN ajaw, are always found in the Venus cycle charts, in all four of the known ancient Mayan books or codices.


Here is the ideal 8-Year pattern as recorded in the Mayan "Madrid Codex":   
 

Mayan Symbol      Venus - Rises or Sets  (Star Pattern Cycles: 1 – 5)

SUN                      *Rises as Morning Star (1)          

WARRIOR               Sets as Morning Star

WORLDBRIDGER   Rises as Evening Star

WARRIOR                Sets as Evening Star

 

SEED                     *Rises as Morning Star (2)

SUN                          Sets as Morning Star

DOG                          Rises as Evening Star

SUN                           Sets as Evening Star

 

STAR                       *Rises as Morning Star (3)

SEED                         Sets as Morning Star

WIZARD                     Rises as Evening Star

SEED                          Sets as Evening Star

 

HUMAN                    *Rises as Morning Star (4)

STAR                           Sets as Morning Star

MIRROR                      Rises as Evening Star

STAR                           Sets as Evening Star

 

WARRIOR               *Rises as Morning Star (5)

 HUMAN                       Sets as Morning Star

WIND                          Rises as Evening Star

HUMAN                       Sets as Evening Star

 

*Note: All Mayan Calendar dates on this website are from the exact proven accurate calendar of the Guatemala-highlands Maya 'count of days' used today by the oldest Mayan communities. The other calendar 'count of days' known as the Yucatan-lowlands Mayan calendar count, used by the-late DR. JOSÉ ARGÙELLES, is miscounted by 57 days as of 2020. The Yucatan-lowlands count of days miscount began hundreds of years ago and is no longer aligned with the rising and setting cycles of the planet Venus, which is what the Mayan Calendar is suoosed to be based upon. This split can be traced back into the 1500's with the arrival of the "divide & conquer" Spanish army in 1519.

 


The Aztec Calendar Stone

The Aztec Calendar Stone is a commissioned artwork dedicated in 1494 AD

Its design layout is significant because it represents a complete model and artistic rendering of the Aztec version of the 260-day calendar, but with Aztec Calendar day-sign symbols, in of 1494 AD, two years after Columbus arrived in the "New World."

To view the actual Aztec Calendar Stone click-here


Below is a picture of a small clay reproduction.

The Key "LEGEND BOX" of the Aztec Calendar Stone is within the very top square area.

The 13 'circles' rise-up from and return to source,  with the 13th Aztec day-sign Corn Plant acatl in the middle.

 

Below is the Aztec Calendar Stone layout, but with the 20 Mayan day-sign names.

 

At the top of this drawing, of the Aztec Calendar inner circle with the 20 Mayan day-sign names, is the South "gate" above the first daysign DRAGON and the last daysign SUN.


On the Aztec Calendar Stone the South 'gate' is a triangle-shaped 'gate,' above the first day-sign CROCODILE and the last day-sign FLOWER, and is 'pointing' to the 4-sided square LEGEND KEY box with 13 tiny circles, along with the 13th Aztec day-sign REED acatl.


Every 13 days, one rises-up into the world, expands, flowers, and re-turns to Source.

 

1 = Rebirth/Expand  

5 = Stabilize   

7 = Mid-point   

9 = Contract   

13 =Complete/Rebirth
 

For 'The Breath of Time' is inhale expand & exhale contract

The Arc of Time... At the beginning an "oomph" to rise, flower, then re-turn to Source.

 

On the Aztec Calendar Stone (diagram) the highest point (in the sky) above the day-sign names DRAGON and SUN at mid-day is the most powerful SOUTH GATE-keeper SUN at the peak of mid-day: Light, Growth and 'Summer'.
-- the major Alpha & Omega point --

The first day-sign DRAGON and last day-sign SUN are joined at the top of the circle of life, the 20 day-sign inner circle.

< Go counter-clockwise to the-left <

The SUN Lord gives birth to All Creation DRAGON creatures

Descending down to the left is the smaller triangular 'GATE-way' of the South-West above NIGHT 'pointing' up.

The sunset 'Fall' WEST GATE-keeper is the SERPENT, and after sunset WORLDBRIDGER.

The North-West GATE-way is 'pointing' down from the STAR.

The 'Winter' rest 'pointing' down mid-night NORTH GATE-keeper is the DOG, and with MONKEY begins to rise again.

Rising to spring 'pointing' down under the North-East GATEway is the SKYWALKER  with kundalini rising.

The sunrise full 'Spring' EAST GATE-keeper is the EAGLE, with WARRIOR guardian angel rising up.

The morning South-East GATEway rises above the thunder MIRROR to Light the fire.

Once again at the top mid-day 'Summer' South GATE-keeper is the SUN Lord to re-birth All Creation DRAGON creatures.

From DRAGON creatures to SUN Lords, every 20 days.

* * * * *

The best reference book on the Aztec Calendar Stone  is the Aztec Calendar Handbook.

THE definitive book on the Aztec Calendar Stone is the Aztec Calendar Handbook

This excellent reference book is co-authored by Richard Graeber and the-late DR. RANDALL C. JIMENEZ, and is one of the "official" guidebooks at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, Mexico, where the actual 12-ton Aztec Calendar Stone is on-display.

Their research into the history of the region and cultures is phenomenal . I recommend buying this book for your personal reference library.

* * * * *

Richard Graeber has spoken with me dozens of times over the years. Together we laughed, pondered, debated and solved some of the riddles and questions about the various differences between the 260-day Aztec and Mayan calendars, and then-some.

One of our 'debates' about the 20 day-signs had to do with those 8 trianglular-shaped 'compass-points' directional 'gateways'.

For example: The 8th Mayan day-sign STAR lamat is at 'North-West' GATE-way and the 18th Mayan day-sign MIRROR etz'nab' is at the 'South-East' GATE-way'.

I felt the Aztec had them reversed direction-wise. So I said to him many times: maybe it was intentionally reversed to hide the truth, that it didn't make sense that West turns to South, or that East turns to North; that that goes against many native American teachings of the Medicine Wheel or Medicine Hoop, as to the turning: East to South to West to North, like the seasons.

I had been uneasy about this issue since 1995.  So, November 2011, I decided that I would do what I felt was correct for me.

So, I now designate STAR lamat as the North-West GATE-way into the NORTH days and MIRROR etz'nab' the South East GATE-way into the SOUTH days.

The result is what you see, my version of the Aztec calendar layout.

If it doesn't work for you, don't use it.

To me it just made more sense, these Gateway 'adjustments"; they now feel better and stronger to me, esp. for storytelling purposes.

One of the biggest questions for me has been: Why is the Aztec "Skull" day-sign kimi' (death?) on the 6th day of the 20-day count rather than symbolically 'later' in the 20-day count?, since death is the last transition.

To me it makes more sense to have the Skull in the West, after 'sunset', that 'descends' to the North.

One of the universal themes in spiritual mythology and religion symbolism is the setting of the sun in the WEST symbolizing 'death' or the-descent of the Sun into the earth, and/or into the WORLDBRIDGER dream time of sleep/mini-death transition.

It just seemed to all falls-into-place with the directions and the daily sun cycle using the west-north-east directional flow. 

On the Aztec Calendar Stone, but using Mayan names, the SUN ajaw day-sign day 20 sits at the highest place on the innercircle, "in the sky" at mid-day when the sun is at its height, at its strongest power.

So, then it starts to set, descending  towards the West at NIGHT ak'bal, with the SERPENT chikchan and 'the Skull'  WORLDBRIDGER dreamer kimi down-under the West GATE, and then rising up thru the North-East SKYWALKER ben GATE-way towards the East; and soaring thru the East GATE with the EAGLE men at sunrise and the WARRIOR kib'  guardian angels rising up.

The Aztec Calendar Stone is a wonderful and beautiful commissioned artwork that shows the spirit pathway, on its forever journey around the Circle of Life.